### Mathematics

• Being the language of modern Business, Engineering, Science and Technology, Mathematics is fascinating and exciting. The Mathematics department at Al Bateen aims to engage your child, challenge and inspire them in their lessons and help them prepare for their future.

­­Mathematics in the Lower School

Key processes in Algebra
Algebra is based on the generalisations of relationships familiar from basic number. It is developed to include the use of equations, formulae and identities, sequences, functions and graphs. To use and make sense of algebra, students need opportunities to relate it to their knowledge of the arithmetical operations (for example, exploring number patterns and puzzles, or finding areas of shapes), by linking with other subjects or from real-life applications. It should include use of ICT, such as graph-plotting and excel software to explore functions.

Key processes in Geometry and Measures
Geometry is the study of points, lines and planes and the shapes that they can make, together with the study of plane transformations. Geometrical activities can be linked to drawing, construction and loci, and work on measures and mensuration. Students develop their knowledge and understanding of shape and space and their appreciation of the ways that properties of shapes enrich our culture and environment.

Key processes in Number
Effective calculation is based on secure understanding of the number line, place value, relationships between operations and the laws of arithmetic (including the distributive law) and knowledge of number facts, together with strategies to quickly re-calculate any forgotten facts. After calculation, the application of proportional reasoning is the most important aspect of elementary number. Proportionality underlies key aspects of number (ratios and rates, percentages and proportions), algebra (linearity, gradient), geometry and measures (enlargement, similarity, trigonometry) and statistics (proportions and probability).

Mathematics in the Middle School

Key processes in Statistics
With Statistics, the mathematics of making inferences from data, ICT is important for representation and analysis of data. It also enables simulation of events and the processing of large data sets, which helps students understand the relationship between experimental and theoretical probability. The handling data cycle remains valid and is closely linked to the key processes:
• specifying the problem and planning (representing)
• collecting data (representing and analysing)
• processing and representing the data (representing and analysing)
interpreting and discussing the results (interpreting and communicating)

Subject Aims
The Edexcel International GCSE in Mathematics (Specification A) qualification enables students to:
•develop their knowledge and understanding of mathematical concepts and techniques
• acquire a foundation of mathematical skills for further study in the subject or related areas
• enjoy using and applying mathematical techniques and concepts, and become confident to use mathematics to solve problems
• appreciate the importance of mathematics in society, employment and study.

Subject Assessment
This Edexcel International GCSE qualification is comprised of two externally assessed papers. Students are entered at either Foundation Tier or Higher Tier. Foundation Tier students will take papers 1F and 2F. Questions in the Foundation Tier paper are targeted at grades in the range C – G. The highest grade which will be awarded at Foundation Tier is grade C. Higher Tier students will take Papers 3H and 4H. Questions in the Higher Tier paper are targeted at grades in the range A*– D. There is a ‘safety net’ grade E for students who narrowly fail to achieve grade D. Students who fail to achieve grade G on Foundation Tier or grade E on Higher Tier will be awarded Ungraded.

GCSE Statistics Aims
This specification:
• actively engages students in an accessible and relevant discipline
• helps students acquire knowledge and understanding of statistical techniques and concepts
• encourages statistical problem solving
• develop student understanding of the importance and limitations of statistics
• supports students in their progression through statistics and other related disciplines.

Subject Assessment
A written paper and an internal assessment with controlled conditions (controlled assessment tasks). The controlled assessment tasks must be submitted in the same year as the students take their written paper. The Foundation Tier (targeting grades G–C) comprises of one written paper lasting 1 hour 30 minutes. Examination of the Higher Tier (targeting grades D–A*) comprises of one written paper lasting 2 hours.